Alexandre Alexandrovitch Alexeieff was born in Kazan, Russia, in 1901. In 1921 he took refuge in Paris from the turmoil of the Russian Revolution, and remained in France for most of the rest of his life. Alexandre Alexeieff is today remembered for two different artistic careers - one as a printmaker, illustrating exquisite fine editions with his subtly-graded aquatints, etchings, and lithographs, and one as a maker of animated films using his own innovative pinscreen technique. Alexeieff lost one lung to the effects of the nitric acid used in making aquatints. Alexandre Alexeieff illustrated works by authors including Edgar Allan Poe, Dostoyevsky, Baudelaire, Gogol. Among his most successful works are his aquatints for Hans Christian Andersen's Images de la Lune (Picturebook without Pictures), described by Pierre Mornand as "les merveilleuses visions d'un rêve prismatique." Alexeieff's most active period as a printmaker was in the 1920s and early 1930s, although in the 1950s he created 120 aquatints for a projected edition of Anna Karenina, which was never published. His first wife Alexandra Grinevsky was also an accomplished etcher, while his second wife Claire Parker was Alexeieff's partner in filmmaking.